I start with a convincing theoretical, legal postulation
that Nigeria is not a Federal Republic, but a
Confederate Republic of Federated Nation States.
Secondly, that every composite unit of the Confederate
Republic is manifestly qualified to be a state in
International Law. Thirdly, that the present composition
of the Nigerian State, has fettered the development of
the country as non-performing states benefit and reap,
where they never sowed and are unwilling to sow.
accept the present situation as an expedient arrangement
and as a historical imposition of 1914 (The Lugard
Curse), we should look at our unchartered course and
investigate the philosophical, legal, economic and
social underpinnings of our underdevelopment, in the
last fifty years.
has been a culture of governance by escapism. In 1980,
the then Federal Government promised housing, education,
health for all, by the year 2000. Then there was a shift
to 2010 and further move to 2020.
government announced a seven- point agenda and
shamelessly could not accomplish even one. Only a nation
of idiots will accept to be led by a khakistocracy and
are not moved by deceits and disappointments to ask
strict questions about what is going on.
in anticipation of being appointed ministers,
directors-general and other obscure government posts,
many knowledgeable Nigerian intellectuals, who should
lead opinion to awaken the people, watch with unconcern,
as the nation gets fractionally close to shipwreck and
activists as people, who are wasting their opportunities
to be appointed ministers by writing articles and giving
public lectures in order to sensitize the people.
type of thinking is rampant amongst academics, who
circulate among bankers, top government officials,
senators and whoever can confer unearned honours and
advantages, no matter how tainted such benefactors are
National Assembly members, who cream off the nation's
wealth through approving for themselves jumbo salaries
and emoluments, will be remembered as Nigerians, with
misplaced consciences, who do not qualify as decent
legislators. What are their efforts in re-shaping
Nigeria? They just saddled this country with an inchoate
constitution, without sovereign authority.
no better than the kidnapper or the armed robber, in
terms of the constitution of the fabric of their core
values. If anger pushes Nigerians to revolt against this
mindless violence on the people's psyche, the members of
the National Assembly will surely be made accountable.
Nigerian Bar Association raises the issue in the Courts
of the land, the Constitution is being violated by the
"Law Givers", who give to themselves inexcusable funds
in a nation, where the basic salary is
have regularly tampered with annual budgets placed
before them from the executive branch, in total
violation of the stipulations of the Revenue
Mobilization Allocation and Fiscal Commission.
hereby recommended that any illegal monies paid to any
legislators, in violation of the law be treated as
misappropriated funds, which must be refundable as debt
owed to the Federal Republic of Nigeria, in perpetuity.
are formidable leadership challenges facing Nigeria, in
desperate need of a turn-around. We feel “an immediate
sense of urgency and performance orientation”, which
demand a new thinking.
administration needs “to deliver short-term results,
leaving longer term success of the nation to subsequent
leaders”. Anyone, who has been involved in company,
turn-around processes, should understand where I am
uncertain and anxious moments in the lives of people in
modern democracies are during events leading to a change
of leadership either through elections or other means of
has shown that after Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin took over
power, the events they caused to happen, turned the
world around for the worst. Italy captured Abyssinia,
Germany occupied Austria and Stalin occupied Eastern
INTERNATIONAL LAW BUREAU, Abuja, Nigeria, which is
serving as the front-runner to the Faculty of Law of the
proposed AFEMAI UNIVERSITY, Fugar, Edo State, Nigeria,
members of the Curatorium, in its glittering Chambers,
discussed Nigerian and Foreign Affairs.
week, we examined the Political, Legal, Economic and
Cultural under-pinnings of Nigeria's under-development.
We focused on the leadership challenge as the 2011
started by reviewing Nigerian historical developments
from 1895, when the Foreign Jurisdiction Act was passed
in the British Parliament and which was made to have
effect in all British Colonies, to aid colonial
have been political chance happenings and military
coup de'etats by military iconoclasts in Nigeria as well
as election rigging parties and other reactionary
political governance from 1999 to 2010.
contributions at the BUREAU, I dealt with the
retrogressive effect of some British Laws on Nigerian
political, economic and cultural developments in the
last one hundred years.
views are contained in my book entitled, “The Colonial
Legal Heritage in Nigeria” 1986, Fagbamigbe Publishers,
Akure / Ibadan. Since 1895, a Nigerian jurisprudence has
there have been, patchworks of Nigerian
Constitutionalism which have been jettisoned, when a new
leader came on board. Most Nigerian constitutions are
discarded before they are tested. British legal ideas,
rules, regulations, processes dominate the deliberations
in our Courts of Law.
question that is often asked is whether Nigeria is a
Metaphoric Nation? We have observed that a nation that
does not accommodate its thinkers, but causes them to
emigrate will continue to grope in the dark with
experimentation, trials by error, guesswork, rule of
lawlessness and a corrupted public order.
that kills its universities by refusing to fund and
promote excellence will shamelessly live from the
intellectual products of other more imaginative nations.
It is a shame that no Nigerian university featured among
the 4000 listed world-wide recently.
that encourages mediocrity will continue to lament
missed opportunities. A state in which compromised
individuals hold sway in government will fail.
Political Leadership In Nigeria
scorecard of Nigerian leaders has been dismal, when one
considers the material and human resources that have
been at their disposal since 1960 and what has been
achieved. The Chinese became independent in 1949 and
Nigeria got her independence in 1960.
the Chinese are indisputably the leading world economy
in spite of their problems with adverse climatic
been led by leaders, who crashed into governance without
adequate and relevant educational qualifications and
experience in statecraft. Some Northern leaders seem to
have been unprepared for Nigerian governance.
Nigeria, some leaders were discredited, others
committed. Others were bloodied, disgraced, humiliated
and like Bola Ige, Funso Williams, Murtala Mohammed,
were killed, in circumstances of utmost brutality.
do some people throw caution to the wind in the gamble
of politics? While other nations honour their past
leaders, in Nigeria they are forgotten after the last
obituary had been published.
little quoted or revered. So, man, why are you strutting
the nation in vain glorious efforts? The challenge of
leadership today is the initialization of well planned
societal programmes to uplift Nigerians.
past, most Nigerian leaders were used by their friends,
associates and tribesmen to accumulate excessive wealth.
Mammonic spirits do hold down the incandescent light of
honour from flooding the soul of the nation. In spite of
our poor records of national development, one does not
see any credible leader, armed with the relevant
educational knowledge in statecraft that will rescue our
nation from the throes of divisiveness, tribe
preferences and narrow-mindedness.
every scoundrel and rascal aspires to be Governor, Local
Government Chairman and President. We are glad that the
EFCC and INEC are now manned by people with sound
judgment. The fate of those deluded politicians who did
not walk uprightly is in jeopardy. They carry an inner
challenge of leadership in Nigeria must address the
issue of the Naira’s standing in the global system. A
nation with a weak currency suffers from diminished
sovereignty and independence. Also, problems concerning
national security, food security, electricity, water
supply must be solved immediately. A lot of government
pronouncements on these matters are always the subject
of dialogue at conferences and symposia, but one hardly
still lighting candles, putting on our own generators
and drinking from rivers. There is insecurity, in spite
of a professionally trained army and police force. So
what is the joy about 2011? In 2007, promises were made
with little to jubilate about, years later.
Malversation is rife. Accountability is yet to catch on.
We have to lay down principles and obligations for
political leadership, if we are to make progress.
Under-performance has always been the problem in
Nigerian governance. There are always promises of
transformation which seldom go beyond bellicose
2004-2007, the ruling party performed more as a bonded
political association of like–minded politicians. All
that will change, as a new dispensation is throwing up
awareness among the marginalised.
incredible awareness among the minority nations, who do
not want to be cheated any more. The militant wing of
the Delta minorities have been tested in revolutionary
resistance and have become a force to reckon with.
quarrels among leading party members have resulted in
many quitting their parties. This is partly because of
opportunism and the love for posts. The emergence of new
parties will lead to a dilution of party loyalties.
as ideologies are concerned, no party is offering
concrete philosophical and societal developmental
calculus. The Sovereign of the people, their democratic
rights, accountability to the people and the rule of law
are disregarded and nothing seems to have changed.
ruling party should mend its fences and work for a
“truly democratic society, distinguished by the rule of
law, human rights, due process, national unity, equity,
national values and purpose”. As of now, no social
system is in place to excite enthusiasm and hope.
had its heads up, rose against itself and became
divided. Some politicians in Nigeria manifest “androgen
insensitivity syndrome”. They jump from one party to
another, which suggests that profit and self-exaltation
is paramount in their ambition to govern.
still having nightmares about the possibility of
inconclusive elections, rigged elections and other inherent stratagems that stultify
the democratic process.
Political parties in organized societies are the
arrowheads of societal progress. Members of political
associations ought to be highly motivated, altruistic,
committed, knowledgeable men and women, who have
meticulously prepared themselves for leadership.
usually armed with ideals, perspectives, plans,
strategies, discipline and integrity. All these
attributes help politicians organize and implement party
manifestos, guidelines and prepare programmes based on
party ideology. If this happens, they should earn the
confidence of voters.
Nigeria, some believe in vote rigging, corruption,
electoral malpractices, intrigue, subterfuge, mindless
violence and the pursuit of reactionary-minded
tendencies that are anti-democratic. The late Chief
Adedibu was a clear example.
political parties should desist from pursuing fiscal
policies that serve foreign investors at the expense of
local stakeholders. Government sells oil to foreign
politicians in Nigeria need to be schooled in political
thought from Machiavelli to Marx acquaint themselves
with the theory and praxis. of modern politics.
political parties do not last. They either merge with
bigger parties or die slowly, with no hope of
resurrection. This leads to stunted political
development. In some cases, cross carpeting and other
undemocratic practices are prevalent. These create
instability in the polity.
observes that some Nigerian politicians are driven by
avarice, misappropriation of national wealth, bare-faced
stealing of funds, misuse of power, tribalism,
irredentism and all these affect the quality of
governance in the country. When will Nigeria put its
strong feet forward?
Politicians must be free to speak out even when they
operate within a consolidated power space where no
contrary opinion is tolerated or even invited.
seems to still exist a semi-feudal and aristocratic
dispensation, which cares less about those who are not
privileged by birth or education.
Northern region of Nigeria is poverty stricken,
especially in the villages and small towns it is
difficult to explain the billions of Naira Local
Governments receive every month.
by BOSAS INTERNATIONAL LAW BUREAU, Abuja about the state
of hunger and desperation in Northern Nigeria, cannot be
made public. Some villages are so ravaged by harsh
conditions that entire villages move to greener
pastures. Yet, the Babanriga- wearing elite pretend that
all is well.
very difficult to conduct credible elections in such
remote villages. They see their political leaders once
in a blue moon and so, consider it their right to accept
whatever the politicians offer for votes. Kow-towing to
decadent, societal ethos have become anachronistic and
unhelpful, since these hinder our march forward
Nigeria's Political Economy.
now, the Nigerian political economy defies scientific
analysis. Foreign economic analysts have inundated us
with hackneyed macro and micro economic jargons and
these are peddled by the so-called Board room “ gurus”,
all in the service of foreign interests.
sizable amount of Nigerian money is in foreign bank
accounts, where the locals borrow from such accounts and
get richer, Nigerian fiscal policies oscillate between
dogma and voluntarism.
should encourage freedom of expression and free
association and not promote bonded political
associations, which act as occult brotherhoods.
permanent solution to the Niger Delta problems must be
found. Poverty among Northern citizens should engage the
attention of our political parties. The Delta situation
will not yield to amnesty alone but a developmental
strategy that must be total and effective.
there are more than 11 oil companies operating over 159
oil fields and over 1481 wells. Nigeria’s total earnings
from crude oil has been put at over $ 600 billion and
N1.8 trillion per annum in the last 46 years. (See ADB
Report, 2005). Yet, the country is replete with
marginalized under-achievers from the Niger Delta to
Elections. The International Republican Institute, a US
based non-government organization, on 23rd of April,
2007, scored the April 2007 elections as below the
standard set by previous elections and international
standards witnessed by IRI around the globe.
report said that “Nigerian leaders and the system put in
place to mid-wife the process, failed Nigerians and
lacked credibility because it denied many people the
opportunity to vote”.
observers noted that “ neither the spirit of Nigerians
who went to the polls to cast their ballots nor the
dedication of the thousands of poll workers struggling
to execute their responsibilities in polling stations
throughout the country were matched by their leaders”.
report said that irregularities were observed on a
higher scale during the federal elections than during
the state elections, noting that underage voting and
lack of privacy at the polling units, falsified result
sheets and manipulation of voters by the police and
party agents were re-curing occurrences. There were
violence-related security concerns during all the
current INEC Chairman needs to plug these deficiencies,
if the 2011 election will not suffer the fate of the
2007 elections. This is a Herculean task.
Buhari, the ANPP leader, who was a contestant at the
2007 presidential elections in a statement to the
Nigerian Press, said that the presidential elections
were neither free nor fair. He declared the elections
were “blatantly rigged, surpassing even the massive
fraud of 2003”.
that “Nigeria will survive only if the elementary and
basic rules of democracy are observed”.
Abukakar Atiku said that the 2007 elections were the
“worst poll in Nigeria history”. He spoke to Alifa
Daniel at his Oba Akenzua Street, Abuja in2007. He
observed that “70 to 80 percent of Nigerians were
disenfranchised, while symbolic elections were made to
take place at the state capitals”.
that two people must be held responsible for the
electoral chaos, Professor Maurice Iwu and President
Olusegun Obasanjo. He complained that his picture did
not appear on the ballot papers. He described this as
Van Den Berg, the EU representative and Madeleine
Albright’s NDI, declared “the 2007 presidential election
heavily flawed and perhaps the worst in all region of
said that the flaws could cast a big question mark on
the credibility of leaders, who emerged from the polls.
This was true, going by the disclaim and contempt with
international community treated the regime of Umaru Yar
observed that the elections “were marred by poor
organisation, lack of essential transparency, widespread
procedural irregularities, significant evidence of
fraud, particularly during the result collation process,
lack of equal conditions for contestants and numerous
incidence of violence”.
were barriers to popular participation and
disenfranchisement as well as orchestrated delays in the
delivery of electoral materials and in the opening of
polling sites, which the NDI said were unprecedented.
ECOWAS team led by Sir Dauda Jawara of Gambia called for
a reform of the electoral process. The ECOWAS team
recommended that the independence of INEC must be
assured in terms of the appointment and security of
tenure of electoral commissioners as well as guarantee
adequate and autonomous funding for INEC.
atmosphere for impunity for elections violations must
cease, executive impunity should be removed and
political will must be demonstrated by parties at both
federal and state levels to end the practice of hiring
thugs to perpetuate electoral violence.
Responding to INEC Chairman’s, 80 percent
self-assessment in 2007, Mrs. Madeleine Albright said,
“No, I will give INEC a failing grading and that
Nigerians can ask the National Assembly to do something
about INEC”. However, what Mrs. Albright did not know
was that 80 per cent of the members of the National
Assembly benefited inexorably from the ELECTORAL FRAUD
statement was authoritative in that the six-page NDI
report was the handiwork of eminent world personalities
like Dr Amos Sawyer, former President of Liberia,
Mahamane Ousmane, Speaker of ECOWAS parliament and
former Nigerian President Joe Clark, former Prime
Minister of Canada and Justice Yvonne Makgoro of the
Constitutional Court of South Africa.
team was joined by a delegation from the European
Parliament led by John Attard Multalto and Vittorio Agno
letto, both of whom endorsed the 11-page statement read
by Max Van Den Berg.
of all the evidence provided by General Buhari’s
Attorney, the Supreme Court of Nigeria entered a curious
and amazing judgment, which many Law students all over
Nigeria have mocked at ever since.
Bonded Political Association
Guardian Newspaper (Nigeria) on Sunday, February 4th
2007, reported that the PDP had “compelled PDP
candidates to a "Bond of Allegiance, during the April
polls and subsequent inauguration of the next
dispensation from May 29, 2007.
holders (elected and appointed) of a new government that
may beformed by the party are also to be covenanted to a
strict “articles of commitment”. The
aspirants/candidates to various offices on the platform
of the party were reportedly made to sign the bond
contained in a three-page document headed,’ .
leadership Bond- Articles of Commitment’ “a sore –point
in the document wrote Ezomon,” is the subjugation of
candidates /office holders to the supremacy and
authority of the party at all times, others are to avoid
joining opponents of the of the party to organize
attacks on its leadership and policies in such a manner
as to bring the party into contempt and public ridicule,
and any measure or position that would tend to polarize
Eluyemi, the late Apena of Ife and also a founding
member of Osun PDP expressed dismay at the development.
PDP governors and candidates were quite uncomfortable
with the document but ambition was too strong for them
to reject the document. There is nothing wrong with
being loyal to the party of one’s choice but to swear is
to call God to witness and it is a serious matter.
declaration by the candidate/office holder that if at
any time he failed, refused and/or neglected to abide
by these principles, he shall accept the verdict of the
party in accordance with its constitution is frightening
This affirmation robs the candidate /office holder of
his free will and the status of a free willing
the 4th of February 2007, many have quit the party and
some have returned. The PDP manifesto; PDP Electoral
Guidelines, PDP Code of Conduct, PDP Statement on
Candidate desirable Qualities, the Constitution of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Electoral Act and
regulations are regulatory documents to assist party
party has to learn from the history of political theory
and statecraft in order to effectively govern a
complicated nation made up of those who run, those who
walk and those who do not move at all.
in the Nigerian Guardian newspaper on 13th
November 2006, in an article entitled “Destroyers of
Nigeria”, this author observed that Nigeria has been
hurt deeply by untutored praetorian guards and political
Consequently, we have had to waltz through the
nightmarish cabaret of broken dreams. Nigerians must
prevent all destroyers of the Federal Republic of
Nigeria from getting near to centers of power, in our
own interest. Conscientious and courageous compatriots
re-structure Nigerian politics, economics and law so
that their guiding principles could reflect the ethos of
Nigeria's cultural life.
been on the wrong road and have insisted in running
along it. We must make a clear distinction between
belief and knowledge. Those who appear to have gotten
away with their stolen wealth are brazenly out to seek
Nigerian psyche seems vehemently opposed to learning
from its history. It is important for our citizens to
insist that the State shall abolish all corrupt
practices and abuse of power
15 (5) of the 1999 constitution (as amended).
not seem to know where we are coming from nor where we
are going. We ought to lay the philosophical and
practical foundations for good governance in Nigeria.
This is far more critical than having a successful
election. If after a good election, we enter the same
whirlwind of uncertainty, of chance happenings,
guesswork and ad-hocism, it could be tragic.
not improper to ask Nigerians to be better than their
traditions. Political absolutism as it is being
orchestrated by one party could lead to despotism. For
example, someone had
Suggested that the EFCC and ICPC should tap the
telephones of suspected citizens. It is trite to say
that such practices can be misused.
one step away from Neo-nazi incandescent light of
repression. It breaks the golden cord of law, which good
men abhor. Constitutional rule is effective when it
guarantees the dignity of subjects. Law must protect
human rights. When leaders accumulate governance
experience they can then articulate the wisdom that aids
social intelligence. This point is of fundamental
philosophical importance in that wisdom and knowledge
enhance the leader's decision-making processes.
leader’s socio-political awareness is crucial to good
governance. A very important issue in Nigeria’s
governance is the issue of foreign capital. It
continuously and progressively exploits and de-humanizes
the people of the client states. Imperialism and foreign
capital impose leaders they can manipulate.
them intensify a high degree of penetration and control
of client states. These are felt in the manufacturing,
oil and agricultural sectors. Our national political
economic decisions are defined in Euro-American
boardrooms located in Nigeria. This practice is more
acute in high-tech and big corporations which shape and
share power in Nigeria.
nation produced cocoa, palm oil and groundnuts in
abundance, we had a major say in our economic
organization even though European firms and their
agents, with cash advances played a significant role in
whittling away our total control.
every sector of our economy is dominated by foreign
interests, we are economically very dependent. Even our
Central Bank was brazenly tinkering with selling local
banks to foreign capital until better counsel prevailed.
In Nigeria, there is the conflict of the ideal and the
conflict situations in Nigeria, must find answers, so
that after a successful run of Election 2011, we do not
begin again to go nowhere slowly.
organised society, political parties play a major role
in governance since they are expected to formulate the
ideas and ideals that should move any society to gain
acceleration in the right direction. They proffer
reasonable and rational programmes for
constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as
amended) under Part III supplemental, from 221-226
grants a monopoly to only political parties “to” canvass
for votes for any candidate at an election or contribute
to the funds of any political party or to the election.
restrictive proclamation excludes broad participation
and further excludes capable candidates, who could have
been sponsored by other associations. Registration with
the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is
important for the sake of regulation and proper
membership “to every citizen” falls short of checks on
citizens whose civic conduct have been tainted by
criminal conduct and these will only compound the
problems of political parties.
223 (i) says that the principal officers of the party
should be democratically elected periodically. This is a
positive declaration since political association is
voluntary, forcing governing bodies and the executive
committees to “reflect federal character".
(225) (3), (4), 226 (1) spell out in detail the
regulatory functions of the Independent National
Electoral Commission for these regulatory measures to
work successfully, the Chairman of INEC must be
fearless, knowledgeable about the constitutional
authority which guides his office.
228 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of
Nigeria spells out the regulatory role of the National
Assembly vis-à-vis INEC.
Nigeria's dismal history of elections, the people have
irredeemably lost interest and trust in our political
parties conflicting claims to power. The noisy talk
about “building confidence in the electoral process” is
merely hortatory. Confidence building takes time and any
rational thinker will see the period of seven months
before 2011 elections as too short to build confidence
in the electorate. Jingles, radio and televised campaign
advertisements are inane measures. They will prove
REGISTERING VOTERS AND VOTERS RESOLUTION
apathy is so strong that getting people to register o
vote will be a problem. Disenchantment with elections in
Nigeria has eaten into the marrow of the Nigerian
electorate. Some people are asking what happened to
their votes in 2007?“ What is the guarantee that their
vote s will count even after registration and casting of
How am I
sure that the 280 people who were killed in 2007 will
not resurrect to vote again?
happened to those who physically meddled with ballot
boxes in 2007? Only an incurable optimist will speak
tongue-in-cheek about “achieving credible voters
registration” within the short time available.
difficult to convince the voters about “credible”
voters' registration as their memories reek with pain
have already discussed earlier in this paper,
“Constitutionalism and the Electoral Process” is a
fascinating idolatry. Those who were declared winners by
the Supreme Court in 2007 were conscious of the fact
that judicial manipulation and not upholding
constitutionalism put them in power.
the electoral process is free and fair, the
short-comings in the Constitution of the Federal
Republic of Nigeria cannot guarantee social and economic
rights. Chapter iv, which deals with “Fundamental
Rights” does not guarantee those social and economic
rights that accelerate social development.
the fundamental rights proclamation are political and
ethical. The analysis of actual forms of constitution
show that states that are capitalist-oriented are
satisfied with political and ethical proclamation s
without any determination to actualize any social
contract with the under-privileged compatriots.
result is that a neglected populace engages in
despicable self-help measures like armed robberies,
stealing, terrorist acts and mindless violence.
entrenched oligarchy is stifling the democracy we are
trying to build with vain ambitions, declarations,
proposals, good intentions, cutting tapes, hilarious
ceremonies, self praise, adulation and neglect of the
humanistic needs of our poverty-stricken population.
Democratic and oligarchic principles do not always pave
the way to sustainable development. The social
foundation collapses each time the contradictions
manifest in a mixed-up socio-economic system Where such
a situation exists the magistrates are over-worked and
overwhelmed. Then, people would be pushed to revolt.
the events that led to the French, American, Russian,
Hitler- led revolution, Mao-led revolution and other
revolutions. Lack of knowledge of history, law and
political science creates that emptiness that favour
passivity and adulterated wishful thinking of the
governing class, who are propped up by armed force.
THE PRESS AND ELECTIONS
press can only report what goes on in society. During
elections, the press tells its version of the truth
which no politician wants to believe The success of the
new dispensation will largely depend on Nigerian
journalistic. Objectivity, in an era, in which
journalists consider their time to make good.
ELECTION PETITIONS IN NIGERIA
elections in Nigeria, even those who were clearly losers
do litigate based on the hope that the counts can be
manipulated either by the intimidation of sitting judges
and Corruption. Appeals are filed to stultify the
Nigeria, election petition processes last very long and
at times, the election petition processes become
mystified and get compounded by occultic advocacy.
THE PROBLEMS OF CAMPAIGN FINANCING IN NIGERIA
no art to monitor campaign financing. Some Nigerians are
generally ingenious at cutting concerns. Since political
office is seen as a money-yielding enterprise, some
office- seekers are known to invest their energies and
borrowed funds in their campaigns. Many politicians
have gotten away with the gamble but many have lost
PROSECUTION AND ELECTORAL MAL-PRACTICES
1960, the prosecution of Electoral offenders has not
been very successful as a result of the lack of adequate
information, solid evidence and the crass incompetence
of the police prosecutors when they face lawyers,
especially Senior Advocates of Nigeria, who carry the
awesomeness of Law gods. There are also tedious studies
involved which the average police prosecutor is not used
politician, who had invested a lot to win an election,
is not likely to hesitate if giving out little more can
win him the coveted seat.
State, where the end justifies the means prosecuting
even small cases that are obvious and straight forward
runs into the deep waters of repeated adjournments,
strategic delays, technicalities, preliminary
objections, which are manifestly distracting and
the judiciary has admitted their helplessness. in
dealing with corrupt judges, may the ALMIGHTY GOD help
ZONING OF PRESIDENTIAL OFFICE
Nigerian political space has been hypnotized by an
invidious cliche dubbed "zoning". I hope Nigerian
politics will transmute and survive the impending
self-imposed tragedy, waiting to happen.
group of our compatriots think that they have the divine
right to rule, other compatriots would challenge a myth
they have tolerated for too long. The Delta militants
are not taking any arrangement that will exclude them
governance has awakened anarchic instincts in most
Nigerians and the chaotic life they live does not seem
to cool down the complexities of their minds.
issue of zoning is deeply embedded in the Caliphate
culture and the politics of the administration of
Nigeria from 1861-2010.
Afigbo said during his lecture at Trenchard Hall,
University of Ibadan, on 12th April 2002, we quote,"
What is now known as Nigeria, is a by-product of the
British Conception" Each of the Northern, Eastern and
Western areas of modern Nigeria began by way of
establishment of administrative technique.
Professor Afigbo put the technique thus "... The first
to emerge was the Colony of Lagos (1861), which within
20 years or so, grew into the Lagos colony and
protectorate, mostly Yoruba land" The next was the Oil
River Protectorate (1885), which by (1886) grew into
Southern Nigeria Protectorate. Then, there was the
territory of the Royal Niger Company(1886), which again
became the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria This
protectorate was predominantly inhabited by Muslims.
Bornu developed a feudal system between 1393-1501. The
Dorgu dynasty, which lasted for over one thousand years.
It sustained the statecraft of the Nok culture (500Bc-AD
why scholars are surprised at the ineptitude of modern
Northern leaders, who have not done well, each time it
was their turn to govern.
the Northern, Southern and t the Colony of Lagos became
amalgamated. Between 1960 and 1970, it became clear that
the rate of educational development in the Muslim
nation-states was slow, as a result of lack of higher
educational institutions in the North.
who attended Barewa College and later, the University of
Ibadan, like Mallam Adamu Ciroma, Senator Jibril Aminu
and Alhaji Dikko., Alhaji M D Yesuf, who studied in
England have done wel in the Nigerian scheme of things.
tribalism in some higher institutions discouraged a lot
of Hausas, Igbos and Edos from moving on.. From the
narrations of Dr. Obi Wali, Dr. Ken Saro Wiwa and
Professor Dr.. Emmanuel Omoh Esiemokhai, when he was at
OAU, Ife, suggests that the proliferation of
Universities in Nigeria, now gives minorities, a good
Northern elite got used to the concept of Federal
character and zoning advantages and their politicians
seem to be insisting on still having their way.
since federal character and zoning were meant to be
temporary measures, these forms of statecraft are now
anachronistic and unhelpful.
a lot of work to be done before the 2011 elections.
Having settled the INEC request for adequate funds, the
law enforcement systems need to be re-vamped by
adequately equipping the police and the intelligence
services with necessary gadgets and life-sustaining
studies by BOSAS INTERNATIONAL LAW BUREAU Abuja show
that under their present working conditions, the Nigeria
Police live in decapitated barracks, dingy offices and
ordinary stationery are often unavailable forcing
complainants to bring or buy these items. We have not
agreed to publish police salaries, which the Minister
for Police Affairs, will be shocked to receive.
politicians are quick to exploit these harsh conditions
of life of the police. In a nation, where we all buy
from the markets, the desperate situation of some
citizens, create those complexities of mind that lead
the people to lose confidence in governments.
purchase of three airlines by the presidency and the
reason given by the government, raised serious issues of
balanced judgment capability.
police that will be crucial to the 2011 Federal
Government Elections do not have cars, trucks.
Motor-cycles, that would increase their mobility and
the huge amount for planes that would be delivered in
December and beyond?
no surprise that the labour unions, civil society groups
and other sensitive intellectuals felt very despondent
at what is obviously a misplacement of priorities.
and NEPA announced that they would go on strike in a
protest of their discontent in the last week of August
2010.While the government was justifying its purchase of
three presidential jets, a nation-wide outbreak of
cholera, which had already 350 lives, was announced on
fostered more discontent among doctors, student groups
and civil society. The outcry by citizens on the NEPA
strike caused the government to change its policy. In
the last three months, we have seen the government
reverse itself after making inexcusable decisions.
Nigerian dispensation can only be managed by anointed
persons, not by men with blood on their sleeves,
blood-money, stolen wealth and satanic connections,
through oath-taking and other negative spiritual
Spirit of the Lord will prevent politicians with
ancestral linkages to negative demon ism, foundational
bond ages, covenants with the kingdom of satan, infested
with curses, attachments to demonic spirits, satanic
bewitchment, initiations into multiple satanic cults
from ruling Nigeria.
politicians, who cannot surrender to the Triune GOD,
cannot rule Nigeria as Nigeria enters the Era of the
Gentiles, Atonement and the Brotherhood of Man.
the American Federal Bureau of Investigations
collaborated briefly with the EFCC, an empowered EFCC,
announced that the anti-fraud agency would "bar 14
ex-governors, five former ministers and 35 other
political office holders from the 2011 elections.
screening starts, it has become clear that transparency
could dominate the electoral process.
curious news that the PDP headquarters got burnt down is
reminiscent of the burning down of the NITEL
headquarters, during the Shagari regime.
Dark Thoughts and Negative Pronouncements
statement issued by the Arewa Consultative Forum
Chairman, General Ibrahim Haruna that anarchy looms and
General Olusegun Obasanjo's revised version of
do-or-die politics, code-named "operation totality" are
frightful and thoughtless.
Olabayo’s cheap predictions in the last 30 years are a
patch-work of asinine guess-work, which are inconsistent
with inspirational, Holy Ghost illuminations.
Gbonigi and Reverend Bakare are also in the scare the
people Assembly. A man of God, who turns himself into a
scare-crow, will surely face occasional degradation and
not ordain any preacher to terrorize the people's peace
with predictions of woes that catch the headlines.
problem with Nigerian pastors is that those, who
acquired dubious fame or notoriety keep assailing our
sensitivities, with cheap, sensational,
need for more Pentecostal fire that will burn away the
satanic order in Nigeria.This type of ecumenism does not
ride on cheap, occasional rantings and inconsequential,
political predictions. We need intercessors and not
hallucinatory musings by primates.
course, there are some Nigerians, who wish destruction
upon the people, but as long as the birds sing, rivers
flow, the Olumo Rock and the Zuma cannot be moved by
negativism, such evil pronouncements will remain a
nullity and of no effect whatsoever.
Kidnappings and the Electoral Process.
become very difficult for political leaders to campaign
freely if kidnappings become rife.
anyone thinks that holding successful elections will
solve our societal problems, such a person or persons
are not imbued with the realities and complexities of
Nigeria's real politik.
extensively and consistently canvassed that we hold a
Conference of the Federating states of Nigeria, in order
to find out what house we are going to build unless and
until we go through this democratic process of
consultations and accord, the Federal Republic may be
standing on a broken tripod.
based on scientific, social appraisal by the scholars at
BOSAS INTERNATIONAL BUREAU, Abuja.
the elections are scheduled for January 2011, we can use
the month of October to organise the Conference of the
Federated States of Nigeria. There are many illegalities
that could render the constitutional amendments of the
1999 Constitution inoperative. The Republic is fond of
rushing things, only to reverse itself.
National Assembly, in which those, who know the legal
processes, are dutifully excluded, the nation's legal
development will be the subject of endless debates.
non-lawyers with a modicum of commonsense should know
that the imprimatur by the Sovereign representative of
the people confers jural authority on the Constitution.
Where guess-work by unlearned National Assembly members
often prevail, the nation must face occasional
retired Permanent Secretary of the FCT, Dr Adegoke
Adegoroye, in his valedetory address to the Civil
Service chiefs at the Transcorp Hotel, Abuja on August
28, 2010, said " I have seen on the national scene and
political landscape the sudden emergence of people (
including Vice Chancellors and Professors), without
traceable antecedents and pedigree, people of
questionable tract record making it to top positions in
also applied in the academia, where General Sani
Abacha's Vice Chancellors embezzled funds meant for
University administration. A notorious Vice Chancellor,
now a reporter and his Pro-Chancellor, were disgraced
out of office, after Abacha's death.
Lamentations will not be enough to change the situation,
whereby crooked people get top jobs. It is important to
expose such people in good time to prevent them from
being bulls in China shops.
National Conscience Party of Nigeria, has called upon
the Federal Government to explain how trillions of
Naira, which should be in the Federation Account seem to
be missing. The details were published on page 66, Vol
15, No. 5601 in THIS DAY newspaper of August 23 2010.
Barrister Femi Falana, who is now the leader of the NCP
disclosed that " Out of the sum of
received as internally generated revenue, by ministries,
parastatals and agencies of the Federal Government from
2004-2007, the sum of N21651,084,008,087,20 was
deposited in the Federation Account, leaving a balance
of N3,315,879, 657.137.26, with-held by the
Federal Government The 20 billion dollars left in the
crude account in May 2007, has been drawn down to 460
colossal sums disbursed to INEC and other sums awarded
to contractors, especially, the recent awards of 1.914
billion dollars contracts for 96 projects, very little
funds will be available to whoever wins the elections
authorities seem to create the impression that they are
in a hurry to empty the treasury, in case they lose
elections." The grand mismanagement of the economy has
also been demonstrated in the renewal of oil licenses to
foreign oil companies operating in Nigeria. For
instance, the Federal Government is alleged to have
renewed some oil licenses for Exxon Mobil in the sum of
US600 million whereas a Chinese company had offered US5
billion for the same licenses. Thus, the country lost
4.4 Billion dollars in that single transaction."
Concerned Northern professionals and Northern leaders.
of Concerned Northern Professionals published an
objective assessment of the role of Northern leaders in
Nigerian politics and development.
advertorial entitled, "THE NEW FACE OF THE NORTH" and
signed by Arc Ibrahim Jatau, the professionals wrote,"
One important question we, northerners must ask is this:
how does the rest of the country see us? The painful
answer to this question is that other Nigerians see us
mostly through the eyes of us leaders.
Therefore they see us as under-achievers, who only love
to acquire power for the sake of it. When people
from other parts of Nigeria say that our leaders have
failed us, they are indirectly saying that the North has
failed Nigeria. It is for this reason that the argument
against zoning, in some quarters were presented as
arguments in favour of competence and efficiency.
as if the North is not competent of producing one
competent leader. We may contest these assertions as
much as we may, but the truth is that other Nigerians
believe that the perennial leadership failure in Nigeria
is the "north-man's burden
ended by saying that the new dispensation "is an
opportunity for all Northern elites from all walks of
life to rally and present a new face of the north that
is built on efficiency, integrity, inclusion, creativity
knowledge, this is the first effort to take an
intellectual approach to the role of the North in
thinking that is objective self-criticism will be needed
if we do not operate on "not hurting Northern leaders"
in order to keep Nigeria one. This almost became a
and Elections in Nigeria.
issue of June 12 keeps coming up each time elections
loom in Nigeria. There is this boring lamentation that
the election, which M.K.O Abiola contested was the
"freest and fairest elections in Nigeria"
some commentators disagree. They refer to certain
factors that cast doubt on Abiola's candidacy. The have
exposed the fact that Abiola and Atiku manipulated the
electoral process, which could have resulted in the
nullification of their candidacy.
allege that Abiola was in the service of a foreign
intelligence agency. They allege that the Nigerian
military had their reservations on his ITT and oil
deals. It was openly stated that they complained to IBB
that they could not support Abiola's presidency and that
they could take severe action against Abiola.
these coincide with a recent newspaper article that
referred to "higher security problems" in the Abiola
clarify these allegations in order to give history a
credible reference and disprove wrong beliefs by
gullible, ethnic proselytes.
appear that the young voters in Nigeria have become
analytical and prefer performance ability than
supporting ethnic chieftains. It can be recalled that
this type of consciousness put Obama in the White House.
Professor Dr. Emmanuel Omoh Esiemokhai is the
President of the proposed Afemai University, Fugar,
Edo State, Nigeria. He is a Writer and an Academic.